Lutherans Worldwide



74 million Lutherans!

During the last four centuries Lutheran people emigrated from Europe to many parts of the world, and wherever they went they founded new Lutheran communities. The tendency was for people of the same background and language to form a 'synod'. Over time synods would come together to form churches.

During the same period, especially during the time of colonial expansion, Lutheran missionaries went to many countries and began missions. These missions became young churches as new Christians matured in faith and indigenous leaders emerged. For example, German, American and Australian missionaries laboured side by side in colonial New Guinea, and in 1956 (long before political independence was given serious consideration) a new church was born.

As a result of this missionary zeal there are Lutheran churches on every inhabited continent and in almost all countries, even if in some cases it is a small presence. Most Lutheran churches in the world today belong to the Lutheran World Federation (LWF), which claims a membership of more than 70 million in 145 member churches in 79 countries. The Lutheran Church of Australia (LCA) is an associate member of the LWF. A further 3.7 million people belong to other Lutheran churches. The biggest grouping after the LWF is the International Lutheran Council, of which the LCA is also an associate member.

The number of Lutherans in Europe is about 37 million and in North America it is a little over 7.7 million, plus 1.1 million for Latin America and the Caribbean. The Lutheran Church is growing fastest in Africa, where the number of Lutherans is heading towards 20 million. In Asia, too, there is rapid growth in some areas, so that today there are almost 9 million Lutheran Christians, 5.6 million of whom are Indonesian. In little over a century the number of Lutherans in our near-neighbour Papua New Guinea has grown to more than 1 million. In Australia and New Zealand the numbers of Lutherans is relatively small: around 60,000 baptised members (although more than three times that number claimed to be Lutheran in the last Australian government census).

There is much diversity in the global family of Lutheran churches. The defining feature is acknowledgment of the Lutheran confessional writings, especially the Augsburg Confession, and instruction in the faith based on the Small Catechism of Martin Luther. Most Lutheran churches follow a liturgical tradition that goes back to Martin Luther’s reform of the liturgy. The almost bewildering diversity among Lutherans is due in large part to a strong consciousness of their freedom in the gospel.

International partnerships

A unique partnership exists between the LCA and Lutheran Church-Canada (LCC). This is the only church with which the LCA has entered into a formal ‘Recognition of Relationship’. The document was co-signed by the presidents of the two churches in 1993. Since then there have been four pastoral exchanges between the two churches, and in 2008 LCA and LCC national and district presidents met in Adelaide, Australia, for a series of meetings.

The LCA has long-standing established mission partnerships with churches in South-east Asia:

  • Indonesia – the LCA works with and through the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) National Committee Indonesia which consists of twelve Indonesian Lutheran churches. Significant relationships have been formed over many years with six of these churches: Huria Kristen Batak Protestan (HKBP), Gereja Kristen Protestan Indonesia (GKPI), Gereja Kristen Luteri Indonesia (GKLI), Gereja Kristen Protestan Simalungun (GKPS), Gereja Kristen Protestan Angkola (GKPA) and Huria Kristen Indonesia (HKI)
  • Malaysia – Lutheran Church in Malaysia and Singapore (LCMS) and the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Malaysia (ELCT)
  • Papua New Guinea – Evangelical Lutheran Church of Papua New Guinea (ELCPNG)
  • Sabah (East Malaysia) – Basel Christian Church of Malaysia (BCCM)
  • Singapore – Lutheran Church in Singapore (LCS)
  • Thailand – Evangelical Lutheran Church of Thailand (ELCT).

Through these partnerships the LCA also participates in ministry and mission in countries beyond the borders of our partner churches as they engage in mission with their near neighbours. This is evidenced particularly through extension work in China and Cambodia.